Heritage & culture students‘ research

Team members

Anina Gut, Keara Gutzwiller, Nicolas Haemmerli, Aline Hafen, Tobias Häfliger, Jennifer Halter, Rafael Heinen, Nicole Heinzelmann, Flavia Hodel, Saskia Huber, Sandro Huber, Philina Hutschenreuter, Dominic Kallen, Julian Käser, Andreas Kern, Céline Kessler

That means heritage & culture

Rotterdam is the second-largest city in the Netherlands. It is a trendy city of artists with a lively harbor world. Rotterdam is home to the largest seaport in Europe and is the most important trading location for oil in Europe. During the Second World War, the city center was almost completely destroyed. Therefore, a diverse architecture was able to develop during the reconstruction. What makes Rotterdam cultural heritage is explained in the following document.

Some videos from youtube introduce the topic

Cultural heritage is an indication of ways of life that a community has developed and then passed down through generations (it includes art, books, buildings, etc.). They are tangible but also intangible assets (traditions, etc.).
Cultural Heritage: Definition & Types

The Netherlands is known for its canals, tulips, and windmills as well as its artistic heritage.
In Amsterdam, you can find an elaborate system of canals and a Museum District where you can find for example the Van Gosh Museum and a lot of modern art museums like the Stedelijk Museum.
In addition, there are different churches all over the country, old ones and new ones, but also a lot of street art like graffiti.
The Netherlands is known for its canals and tulips

The streets in the villages in the Netherlands are like an « open-air museum» of architecture because there are a lot of different architecture types and different types of buildings.
Finally, in the village of Kinderdjik, you can find iconic windmills from the 18th century. These windmills are known for their individual art style.

Cultural Heritage has many different faces. It is more than objects and traditions… It is also about things that our ancestors handed over to us. The things they learned and the way they lived. Nevertheless, traditions are still a huge part of cultural heritage. Festivities like the Dia de Muertos in Mexico is so-called intangible heritage. Of course, there is also tangible heritage, like the pyramids in Egypt. 

The Germanic peoples started to arrive and settle in the Netherlands around 800 BC. In 58 BC Julius Caesar decided that it was time to subjugate the Gallic tribes – beginning for Gallic Wars. They lasted up until 50 BC when the Romans won. Many local tribes were of mixed Germanic origin. The Manape tribe stretched from the south of Zealand through North Brabant and possibly through south Holland. Although in later Roman times the territory seemed to have been divided and reduced becoming mainly concentrated in what is now western Belgium the ED baronies (the largest of mixed-race tribes) covered a large area. The next approximately 450 years of Roman rule profoundly changed the area that would become the Netherlands. Since it was often very involved in large-scale conflict with free Germanic peoples on the other side of the Rhine. In 12 AD the Rhine became fixed as the northern frontier of the Roman Empire on the European mainland. Different Towns and Provinces would arise.
In the Batavian rebellion of 69 AD, they rose up against the Romans. One of the causes for the uprising was that the Romans had been taking young battalions as slaves.

More about …

Cultural Heritage describes ways of living that are developed by a community and is being passed on from generation to generation.
The general common definition of Cultural Heritage is “it is a human creation intended to inform”.
While cultural heritage is fragile, it is very important to maintain its diversity of it. Especially in countries or cities with a huge variety of cultures.
It is important to recognize that not all heritages of past generations are “heritages”. The heritage you live in now is a selection made by society.
There are different kinds of cultural heritage. It can be tangible, intangible, or natural:

Tangible culture
This includes the physical, or „tangible“ cultural heritage.
Cultural Heritage can be split in:
– Built Environment (Buildings, Townscapes, Archaeological remains)
– Natural Environment (Rural landscapes, Coasts, and shorelines,  Agricultural heritage)
– Artefacts (Books & Documents, Objects, Pictures) —> These include objects significant to the archaeology, architecture, science, or technology of a specified culture.
Aspects and disciplines of the preservation and conservation of tangible culture include:
– Museology
– Archival science
– Conservation (cultural heritage)
            – Art conservation
            – Archaeological conservation
            – Architectural conservation
            – Film preservation
            – Phonograph record preservation
– Digital preservation

Intangible culture
„Intangible cultural heritage“ speaks of non-physical aspects of a particular culture, often maintained by social customs during a specific period in history. The concept includes the ways and means of behavior in society and the often formal rules for operating in a particular cultural climate. These include social values and traditions, customs and practices, aesthetic and spiritual beliefs, artistic expression, language, and other aspects of human activity. Naturally, intangible cultural heritage is more difficult to preserve than physical objects.
Aspects of the preservation and conservation of cultural intangibles include:
– folklore
– oral history
– language preservation

Natural heritage
„Natural heritage“ is also an important part of a society’s heritage, talking about the countryside and natural environment, including flora and fauna. This is scientifically known as biodiversity, as well as geological elements called geodiversity. These kinds of heritage sites often serve as an important component in a country’s tourist industry, attracting many visitors from abroad as well as locally. Heritage can also include cultural landscapes (natural features that may have cultural attributes).
Aspects of the preservation and conservation of natural heritage include:
– Rare breeds conservation
– Heirloom plants

Ideas on the topic

·       A road development with native plants on it and a path where people can walk
·       Streetparade with DJs from the Netherlands
·       Make hanging gardens on almost all house facades
·       Festival which brings different cultures together (food festival, music festival)
·       New spaces in abandoned buildings -> café, co-working spaces, etc.
·       Shared flats for students
·       Art spaces, where people can style the environment as they like (graffiti, seating, plants)

Literature and films

Cultural Heritage: Definition & Types on study.com

The Netherlands | Heritage Sites of Netherlands | World Of Heritage

WHAT IS CULTURAL HERITAGE? And how can we preserve our world heritage through Science?

History of the Netherlands #1 – From Tribes to Rome

Welcome to Rotterdam

UNESCO Cultural heritage

What is Cultural Heritage

Cultural heritage on Wiki

Authentic Rotterdam heritage | Rotterdam Museum